国人常犯的英语错误有哪些?英语口语又该怎么学习?

2018年11月27日 19:14:19

受自身文化表达习惯和口语表达不规则的影响,英语学习者在学习英语的过程中经常会犯一些错误或错误。当然,当他们遇到不经意的外国人时,在即兴交流的过程中,他们可能并不妨碍对方理解你的意思,而是在正式场合。为了避免在正式场合犯错误或在英语考试中失分,我们特别总结了一些常见的英语错误。同志们必须把他们带走。

1、  Keep保持

[误]She was keeping something to her father.[正]She was keeping something from her father.(1) 注意:"对某人隐瞒某事"要用"keep something from somebody"句型。

[误]He kept to repeat the word again and again.[正]He kept repeating the word again and again.(2) 注意:keep doing something为连续不断地做某事。有时可以与keep on doing something互换。 它们的区别在于keep doing something意为该动作一直不停地在进行中,

如:When the train started, she kept waving her hand.而keep on doing something则表示该动作可能停停顿顿,但却一直在进行中,如:He kept on making the same mistakes in grammar.

[误]We must keep up the times.[正]We must keep up with the times.

(3)注意: 这句话意为"我们必须赶上时代",keep up with是"赶上"之意,而keep up则是"坚持下去"的意思,如:Keep it up, don't stop now!

2、key钥匙、关键

[误]I lost the key of the door. [正]I lost the key to the door.

(1)注意: 英语中讲某某的东西一般要用of,而key, entrance, answer则多用to,如:"门的钥匙"为key to the door, "高速公路入口"为entrance to the highway, "问题的答案"为the answer (key) to the question.

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3、kind种类

[误]This kind of books are not good. [正]This kind of books is not good.

注意:kind在这种句式中应作为主语,如果讲Those kinds of books are very good.则是正确的。名词的单复数要跟谓语动词保持一致。

kind,sort,type的区别 :

kind和sort为同义词,意为"种类",而type则为"型号",如:What type of this car do you want?(你想要这种车的什么型号?)

4、knock敲打/击,扣•••

[误]Someone was knocking the door. [正]Someone was knocking at the door.

注意 :knock虽可以作及物动词,如:The car knocked a hole in the fence.但作"敲门"讲一定要用作不及物动词:knock at (on) the door.

5、know知道、了解

[误]I want to know to play this game. [正]I want to know how to play this game.

注意: 要注意英语中在不定式前加疑问代词或疑问副词的用法。如:I want to know how to do it / what to do / when to do it / where to go.,  know后面通常接从句,后面需要加引导从句的连词代词。

know与know  of ,I know him.为"我很了解他。"而I know of him.则为"我听说过他。"同样的用法还有hear和hear of这一词组。

6、late晚了,迟到

[误]Yesterday I went home lately.[正]Yesterday I went home late.

注意:late即可做形容词又可作副词;而lately则意为"最近的",如:I haven't seen her lately.

最常见的:Do not be late!句中的Be已经作为系动词了,作为谓语动词了,此时的late,就是充当adv副词的,late来修饰be,改用lately, 就是语法错误。

late,latter,later,lately区别:

(1)late有两个比较级,指时间较晚应用later,如口语中常讲:See you later. (一会见。)Tom gave me an apple , 10 minutes later , gave me a  pear .汤姆给了我一个苹果,10分钟后,他又给了我一个梨子。

(2)latter则指按顺序讲的后者,或靠后的,其反意词为former,如:the former president(前总统)。The former和The latter是反义词, 一个是前任/前一个的, 一个是后任的/下一任的,We know who is the former president , but do not know who is the latter .我们知道前一任总统是谁,但是不知道下一任总统是谁。又如:I can understand the latter part of the story.我可以理解故事的后面部分。

(3)lately则意为"近来"、"不久前"。My grandpa likes to go to park to dance in the square latterly.我爷爷近来喜欢去公园跳广场舞。作为“近来”意思时候,跟recently意思和用法一样的。

这些词组一开始都是在学习英语的过程中接触到的,但是它们可能学得不太早,所以把它们与通常的表达习惯相比较,找出错误的地方来纠正还不算太晚。

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