托福口语如何获得高分,方法有哪些

2018年5月8日 11:32:35

不管是什么级别的英语考试,其实实际上对于中国学生来说,英语口语能力几乎多半会变成短板,因为毕竟我们中国人缺乏应该有的英语口语听说交流的机会和氛围,日常生活工作中口头英语表达太少。如何在托福口语考试当中,顺利交流回答,并取得好分数是令人困恼的问题。但是尽管有难度,我们也要保持耐心,寻找口语考试技巧。


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1、把握口语讲述时间


在托福口语考试中掌握考试时间至关重要的。参加考试的学生有经验,知道托福口语答题时间在1分钟左右,口语独白讲述一般在45秒之内,最好的总结综合回答类型题目也不会超过1分钟。在回答的时候注重语句通顺连贯,不要陈述太多不必要语言和观点,直接回答考生自己心中的最主要核心内容,切忌吐词不请,语法混乱,讲述的内容晦涩难以理解。


It is crucial that you master the exam time at TOEFL Oral Tests. Students taking the test have experience, knowing that TOEFL speaking time is about 1 minute, speaking monologue about generally within 45 seconds, the best summary of comprehensive answer types of topics will not exceed 1 minute. When answering the statement focus on coherence and continuity, do not state too much unnecessary language and opinion, the direct answer to the candidate's own heart of the most important core content, avoid spitting words, grammar chaos, difficult to understand the obscure.


2、注重语音语调和语法


因为托福口语是机器测试,所以评分标准显得比较刻板,对于机器识别考生口语讲述内容而言,考生的口语发音和腔调是会直接映像机器识别的,如果考生的语音语调带有浓重口音,会导致机器直接拉低分数。对于口语讲述的语句需要正规的地道的托福语法结构知识,同时必须保持用词的相对准确性、连贯性。如果自己语音不错,可以注重口语中语句有抑扬顿挫,以及词汇的重音和停顿节奏,灵活运用口语的修辞。


Because TOEFL Spoken is a machine test, so the scoring standard is more rigid, for the machine to recognize the candidate to speak about the content, the candidate's spoken pronunciation and tone will be directly mapped machine recognition, if the examinee's voice intonation with a strong accent, will lead to The machine lowers the score directly. For spoken language statements require formal authentic grammatical structure knowledge, and must maintain the relative accuracy of the word, the consistency. If you have a good voice, you can focus on the idioms of spoken English, the accents and pause of words, and the rhetoric of using spoken language.


3、注重落实问题内容不跑题


考生在回答机器问题时,需要注重围绕问题的主题回答,切不可随心所欲毫无核心内容,需要涉及有关主体。同时内容尽可能联系生活实际或者与工作学习相关。举例论证的时候,注意实例的合理性,在进行阐述自己观点时候,如果讲故事,遵循娓娓道来,如果是论证就按照论点、证明、总结等步骤进行。注重语句的先后顺序,内容之间有联系,不要跳跃式。

Candidates answer the machine questions, you need to focus on the theme of the question answer, must not have no core content, you need to involve the subject. At the same time as much as possible to contact the actual life or work-related learning. When exemplifying the argument, pay attention to the rationality of the examples. When explaining their own points of view, if you tell a story, follow it, if it is argument, follow the steps of argument, proof, conclusion and so on. Pay attention to the order of the sentences, the relationship between the content, do not jump.


4、注重避免东西方文化差别


在表达自己意识认知时候,需要注意中国人的思维逻辑和文化背景,与英语国家的大的文化背景不同。在讲述思想观点时候,注重阐述最核心的东西,可以省略部分枝节信息和内容。同时在论证这种观点时候,要进一步把支持这个观点的事物列举出来,作为有力证明,并且按照合理的逻辑思维按照顺序陈述,切忌牵强附会。自己的观点理论需要可以说得通,考生需要加强思维逻辑推理的能力。


In expressing their own awareness, it is necessary to pay attention to Chinese people's thinking logic and cultural background, which is different from the great cultural background of English-speaking countries. When telling ideas, pay attention to the most core things, you can omit part of the information and content. At the same time, in arguing for this view, we should further enumerate things that support this view as a strong proof and in accordance with the order of reasonable logical thinking to state, should not be far-fetched. Their own point of view theory needs to be justified, candidates need to strengthen the ability of logical reasoning.










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