如何学好英语语法,怎样才能打下坚实的语法基础

发布时间:2018-10-08 18:57

就我国当前的教育情况而言,现在的人学习英语基本都是从少年儿童开始的,少数偏远地区也是从青少年开始的,这时期的英语学员理解力较强,或者模仿力较强,在没有英语环境的情况下,学习语法,了解所学语言的规则,可以缩短学习过程,掌握英语的规律,尽快提高英语听、说、读、写、译的能力。

英语专家葛传槼先生曾说:"语法是语言的法则。"英语语法是英国语言的实际用法,是通过语法家的调查研究、分析、综合而总结出来的,不是凭空臆造出来的。任何人使用英语,不管他是否学过语法,都必须依照语法。

如何学好英语语法,怎样才能打下坚实的语法基础?专家给出了以下建议:

1、练好基本句型。

句型学习是通过听说领先的方法去学习传统语法里最常用的语法项目(把它们变为句型去操练)。句型训练实际上吸取了传统语法与结构语法两派的长处。目前国内的英语广播(电视)教学,在入门阶段,多采用句型教学法。根据所选用的课本提供的句型用替换词进行替换练习。

Sentence learning is by listening to the leading method to learn the most common grammar in the traditional grammar, put them into sentences to practice. Sentence pattern training actually draws the strengths of both traditional and structural grammar.

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把"I read a novel yesterday.和"It was extremely Interesting."

这两个单句改为"The novel I read yesterday was extremely interesting."

这就是定语从句的单项练习。首先要反复进行替换练习。

把"I saw a man this morning."和"The man is my teacher."改为"The man I saw this morning is my teacher."

2、情景假设练习

是把定语从句放在一定的语言情景中去综合运用,进行问答互动。自己假设某种特定的生活情境,把自己当成事件的最主要的人员,从两个方面来看待回复并处理有相关事务。

The attributive clause on a certain language scenarios to comprehensive use of question-answer interaction. Assuming a particular life situation for yourself, treating yourself as the most important person in the incident sees the response and deals with relevant matters from two perspectives.

A:Did you enjoy the opera?   B:Which opera?

A:The one we saw last night,of course.  B:Yes,very much.

A:What kind of Opera do you like best ?   B : various,but especially I love comedy .

3、广泛联系运用到生活

扩大运用,也就是把定语从句和以前学过的两三个项目放在一起去操练。把简单的句式整合成长又复杂的复句从句,表达对事物综合性复杂的看法。

Expand the use of, that is, attributive clause and previously learned two or three projects put together to practice. Integrate simple sentences into complex and complex sentences of complex sentences to express a comprehensive and complicated view of things.

A:Do you know who Edgar Snow was?(一般问句;名词从句)

B:Yes,he was an American writer who interviewed Chairman Mao in Beijing.(定语从句)

A:Oh,now I remember.He was the author who wrote"Red Star Over China",wasn't he?(定语从句;反意疑问句)

B:Exactly.

这种回答不但练了定语从句,而且复习了一般问句和反意问句,也给名词从句的学习打了"埋伏"。进行句型操练,也要灵活选择句式的语法结构。

在听、说领先的前提下,写、读要跟上,力求听、说、写、读四会均衡发展。因此,时间上要作出合理的安排。早上通常可安排为朗读时间。如果能每日坚持下去,收效一定很大。

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