“中国式口音出现的原因是什么”,有没有办法改正

2018年11月20日 18:52:21

好多学习英语的人,尤其是基础水平还不错的童鞋,多少都会讨厌自己各种蹩脚的英语发音,其实也是学习模仿很长时间了,但是效果不佳,很多人把英语发音强调不好归结于,国内没有大量使用英语的环境,当然这可能是英语发音强调不够地道的原因之一,但是归根结底是自己对于发音没有像对于词汇量语法那样强制要求。觉得口语说不好带有口音是因为自己不是英语国家人士。那么有什么好办法纠正“中国式口音”呢?


大数据总结归纳显示:绝大多数操着中国式口音学习英语的童鞋都存在下面几个问题:

元音发声不够饱满准确,语音强调缺乏韵律感,句子基本不会连读,没有明显重音抑扬顿挫

英语学习者都知道,英语的元音字母是单词发音最需要注意的地方,元音发音直接影响单词的整体发音状况,和元音字母前后单词音标的连接和融合。英语发音跟中文发音最大的不同,其实在于鼻喉、口腔的动作,加上注重气流的经过,舌头动作次重要,中文发音更注重唇齿和舌头。英语发音采用是“口腔后部发音体系”,特点就是用口腔后部的微小动作来发音,很多词汇发音难以区分,比如seat和sit,had和head,bed和bad等等。练习英语发音前,放松口腔内部,尽量嘴唇的动作小,主要考鼻喉,让口腔内部的肌肉不要太紧张

Everyone who learns English knows that English vowels are the most important place for word pronunciation. Vowel pronunciation directly affects the overall pronunciation status of words and the connection and integration of word phonetic symbols before and after vowel alphabet. English pronunciation with the Chinese pronunciation of the biggest difference, in fact, is the nose and throat, oral movements, coupled with the focus on the flow of air, the second most important tongue movements, Chinese pronunciation more emphasis on the teeth and tongue. English pronunciation is "oral back pronunciation system", the characteristic is to use the back of the mouth of the tiny movements to pronounce, many words pronunciation is difficult to distinguish, Before practice English pronunciation, relax inside the mouth, try to lips movements small, the main test nose and throat, so that the muscles inside the mouth do not be too nervous

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英语语言本身没有汉语那样的平仄干,不是显得那么字字铿锵。字母文字有自身的特点,就是说英语作为语言本身遵循字母带呈现的节奏感和韵律感。关于英语的韵律感,很多人认为来自长久的语感,其实英语的韵律感主要来自于英语语句之间的节奏和停顿,因为在同样朗诵诗歌的时候,英文朗诵节奏感错落有致,读起来感觉像是在唱歌。习惯看美剧的同学大概有感觉,他们讲英语快的时候基本就像念顺口溜,有些地区的人讲英语就像是rapper说唱音乐,节奏感鲜明。语音语调不够自然,英语是一门很有韵律的语言,很多程度上这就是为什么英文歌很容易很好听。

English language itself is not as flat and dry as Chinese, it does not seem so sonorous words. Alphabetic text has its own characteristics, that is, English as a language itself follows the rhythm and rhythm of the alphabet. Many people think that the prosody of English comes from long-term sense of language. In fact, the rhythm of English comes mainly from the rhythm and pause between English sentences. Because when the same recitation of poetry, English recitation rhythm fluffy, it feels like reading Singing. Students accustomed to watching American drama probably have the feeling that when they speak English fast, they basically like jingles. In some areas, people like to speak English as rapper rap music and have a strong sense of rhythm.

有些英语口语比较流利的童鞋也会存在语音语调问题,因为他们可能讲话的连贯程度、流利程度较好,但是仅仅是表现在词汇之间的语速够快,对于词汇需要重读,有些句子需要抑扬顿挫,他们全部忽略。同时他们也在练习英语听力的时候注重听懂材料内容,忽略了句式中有些词语的连读,导致有些词汇的音标略读的情况。也并没有注重谈话材料的感情色彩,缺乏抑扬顿挫。

Some English spoken fluent children's shoes will also have voice intonation problems, because they may be speech coherence, fluency is better, but only words expressed in the words fast enough, the words need to be re-read, some sentences need to cadence They all ignore. At the same time they also practice listening comprehension of material content, ignoring the sentence of some words even reading, resulting in some vocabulary phonetic skimming. Also did not pay attention to the emotional color of the conversation material, the lack of cadence.

当然,了解了自己发音问题所在,还需要大量的长时间的巩固练习,大量听力和模仿不可缺少。对于英语的韵律和抑扬顿挫,还需要在自己对于语法有基础的条件之上,因为不懂语法,朗诵口头表达英语时候,会导致在不应该停顿的地方停顿,不应该重读的位置重读。

Of course, to understand their own pronunciation problems, but also a large number of long-term consolidation exercises, a lot of listening and imitation indispensable. The prosody and cadence of English also need to be based on their own grammar-based conditions, because they do not understand grammar, recitation of oral English time, will lead to pause where you should not pause, should not be re-read the re-reading position.

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