英语有哪些常犯错误,分别是什么

2018年5月16日 17:54:00

给大家列举时常容易犯错的类似用法的英语词汇,分别进行用法的区分和辨析。让大家深刻理解掌握这些最长用的词汇的语法和释义。别被那些容易混淆的词汇给真的搞得confusing,你需要的只是认真学习每个单词的实际意义用法,精准英语表达现在开始!

1、 Loud  adj大声的,高声的 响亮的;嘹亮的;发出强声的,嘈杂的,喧闹的,吵闹的

(1)loud和loudly

这两个词含意相同,在日常用语中loud多与talk,speak, shout, laugh等动词连用,如:Don't speak so loud,you'll wake the baby.而在比较正式的场合才用loudly.

其实有一个简单辨别的方法,loud更多的是修饰形容名词的,loudly是副词,更多的形容动作或者行为状态。

(2)loud  和aloud

loud多指把声音放大,而aloud则指要出声不要默读。如:-What did you say?-Oh, nothing, I was just think  aloud. (我只不过自言自语。)

2、 many许多、很多

(1)我有很多朋友[误]I have many friends.[正]I have a lot of friends.

解析:many和much多用于疑问句或否定句中,而在肯定句中则用处不多,尤其在非正式谈话中。-How much money have you got?  -I've got plenty.

(2)你买了太多的西红柿

[误]You bought much too tomatoes.[正]You bought too many tomatoes.

解析:too many后接可数名词,too much后接不可数名词,而much too后面接形容词,意为"太多"。

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(3)好几个星期,雨都下的很大

[误]For many a weeks it rained a lot.[正]For many a week it rained a lot.

解析:many a意为"好多"、"许多",但其后面要加单数名词

3、matter ,n.物质;事件vi.有关系;要紧

(1)不论你做了什么,我都信任你。

[误]No matter what you did. [正]No matter what you did, I trusted you.

解析:No matter是个词组,意为"不论",它的语法功能是起连接作用,所以不能用于一个单独的句子。

it doesn't matter这个词组则不是一个连接词组,所以可以和一个单句连用,如:It doesn't matter what you say. (你说什么都不要紧。)

4、maybe   adv.也许;可能;大概n.可能性;不确定性

(1)也许他是对的[误]May be he is right.[正]Maybe he is right.

解析:maybe是副词,不要错用为may be.

(2)maybe和perhaps

这两个词的词意一样,maybe常用于非正式谈话,而perhaps则多用在正式文体中。Maybe/Perhaps the weather will get better.  也许天气会变好

Julius Caesar is perhaps the greatest of Shakespeare's early plays.凯撒大帝可能是莎士比亚早期戏剧中最伟大的作品。

5、mend n.好转,改进;修补处vt.修理,修补;改善;修改vi.改善,好转

我想要去修我的自行车[误]I want to have my bike mended.[正]I want to have my bike repaired.

解析:mend意为"缝补",如:My mother mended my coat.而repair是"修理"。

修理某物···mend sth  或者  have sth  repaired (这些是固定搭配)

6、mind  n.理智,精神;意见;智力;记忆力vt.介意;专心于;照料vi.介意;注意

(1)你介意关上门吗? [误]Could you mind to close the door? [正]Could you mind closing the door?    

解析:Mind doing  sth.介意做某事 ,mind作为动词时候后面接动名词

(2)你试着下定决心努力学习 [误]Try to make up your mind studying hard.

[正]Try to make up your mind to study hard.

解析:mind用作动词时,其后加动名词;而用作名词意为"下定决心"时,其后要加不定式。

Make up one’s mind to do sth.

值得注意 :Do you mind if I smoke?的答语: 如果你不介意,应回答"No, go ahead."如果你不想让对方吸烟,则应讲"Yes, please don't."

7、miss  n.女士,小姐,年轻未婚女子  vt.错过,想念,缺(勤)

我发现我的背包不见了 [误]I found my bag missed. [正]I found my bag missing.

解析:missing为形容词,其意为"不见了"、"丢了"。 在句中用作宾语补足语时不要误用missed,它作动词时多为及物动词,要接名词或动名词,而不接不定式。

I missed the first train, I don't want to miss seeing the famous football player.在作补足语讲某物"不见了"时有missing, gone, lost等,如:I found my bag missing (gone, lost).

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