英语中词汇“Fine”的解析有哪些

2018年5月22日 18:23:36

当老外跟你说how are you? 你是不是第一时间的反应就是fine, thank you, and you?你是否以为fine就只有这样一个套路式问候用法?fine除了“好,很好”,其实还有其他多个词性和语义。

首先fine可做形容词,名词,副词和动词,其语义和语法运用都想去甚远。如果不了解这些基本用法,很容易在阅读中误读信息。

首先是形容词adj:

1.       很好,高质量的;美好的of high quality; good

Eg: a very fine performance十分精彩的演出

2.       很不错,健康的;身体很好的in good health

Eg: I was feeling fine when I got up this morning.

今天早上我起床时感觉很好。

3.       可接受;够好a(指行为、建议、决定)可接受used to tell sb that an action, a suggestion or a decision is acceptable

I'll leave this here, OK?’ ‘Fine.’

“我把这个留在这儿,可以吗?”“可以。”

4.       精致,精巧的;精美的attractive and delicate

fine bone china精致的骨瓷

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拓展:

1.      get sth down to a fine art

把…学到家;学得非常在行

I spend so much time travelling that I've got packing down to a fine art.

我常常旅行,这样便把打点行李学到家了。

2.      not to put too fine a point on it直截了当地说,不客气地说(尤指批评)

Not to put too fine a point on it, I think you are lying.

不客气地说,我认为你在撒谎。

副词adv:

可接受;够好;蛮不错in a way that is acceptable or good enough

Keep going like that─you're doing fine .

就这样做下去,你做得蛮不错嘛。

拓展:cut it/things fine把时间扣得很紧;时间上不留余地

If we don't leave till after lunch we'll be cutting it very fine.

我们要是午饭以后才走,时间就紧得很了。

名词n:

罚金;罚款a sum of money that must be paid as punishment for breaking a law or rule

Offenders will be liable to a heavy fine违者须付巨额罚金。

动词v:

对…处以罚款to make sb pay money as an official punishment

She was fined for speeding.

她因超速而被罚款。

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